Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2020, Page: 50-56
Reduction of Coal Consumption by Using Municipal Combustible Waste as a Fuel in Cement Kiln with Special Focus on Hetauda Cement Industry in Nepal
Shyam Krishna Karki, Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Khet Raj Dahal, Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Received: May 26, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 12, 2020;       Published: Jul. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jccee.20200503.11      View  71      Downloads  44
Abstract
The paper aims to enlighten the financial benefits by reducing the coal consumption from use of municipal combustible waste as a fuel in cement kiln of Hetauda Cement Industry of Nepal. Hetauda Sub Metropolitan and Hetauda Cement Industries Ltd were selected for the present study and the study was conducted during the period from March to December 2019. Published literature such as reports, manuals, paper, database and thesis were collected from different sources and went on thoroughly, Conclusions were drawn on the basis of the studied materials. Depletion in nonrenewable source of fuel energy, mining costs and its mining difficulties and also environmental consideration, the greater efforts are given in inventions of alternative fuels. Most of the cement industries of developed country are following the use of alternative fuels. In this context, possibility of applying such fueling technologies in cement industries of developing country like Nepal are to be studied by considering economic, social and environmental aspects. This paper summarizes and reviews studies related to the use of alternative fuel in cement industries of different country with different benefits. In addition, this paper serves as a valuable reference for in-depth studies of use of combustible municipal waste of Hetauda Sub Metropolitan in Hetauda Cement Industry.
Keywords
Combustible Waste, Alternative Fuel, Energy, Coal, Cement
To cite this article
Shyam Krishna Karki, Khet Raj Dahal, Reduction of Coal Consumption by Using Municipal Combustible Waste as a Fuel in Cement Kiln with Special Focus on Hetauda Cement Industry in Nepal, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 50-56. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20200503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Pandey, P. R., & Banskota, N. (2008). Process of cement production in Nepal. Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 11, 71-78.
[2]
Wang, C. (2017). Utilization of refuse derived fuel in cement industry-a case study in China.
[3]
Singh, P., & Shakya, S. R. (2016). Policy intervention to reduce energy consumption and mitigate environmental emission in cement industries of Nepal. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 4 (2), 34.
[4]
Shrestha, A., Ghimire, A., Singh, A., Koirala, D., Khanal, K., & Maskey, R. K. Energy Use in Nepalese Cement Industries: Case of Udayapur Cement Industries Limited.
[5]
Department of Finance, Government of Nepal. ”Economic Survey” 2018/19.
[6]
FECOFUN, U. P. N. B. S. Nepal Energy Efficiency Programme (NEEP).
[7]
HCIL, 2019, Hetauda Cement Industries Ltd., www.hetaudacement.gov.np.
[8]
Chatziaras, N., Psomopoulos, C. S., & Themelis, N. J. (2016). Use of waste derived fuels in cement industry: a review. Management of Environmental Quality: an international journal.
[9]
J. K. Bhattarai, 2012."Inventory management and its impact on profitability of the cement industries in nepal”. Faculty of Commerce & Management Studies Kumaun University Nainital (Uttarakhand) 263002.
[10]
Investment Board Nepal, (2016). "Manufacturing Sector Profile". https://www.ibn.gov.np/.
[11]
Thapa, 1998."Lessons learned from solid waste management in Kathmandu, Nepal ". Habitat InternationalVolume 22, Issue 2, June 1998, Pages 97-114.
[12]
Neupane, B., & Neupane, S. (2013). Scenario of solid waste management in Hetauda Municipality, Nepal. International Journal of Environment, 2 (1), 105-114.
[13]
Ebenezer Afram Asamany, 2017. "waste-derived fuels for co-processing in rotary cement kilns". Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia November 2016.
[14]
Y. Seboka, 2009."Bio-carbon opportunities in eastern & southern africa". by the United Nations Development Programme 1 UN Plaza, New York, New York, 10017, USA.
[15]
Gabbard, W. D, &Gossman, D. 1990."Hazardous waste fuels and the cement kilns – The Incineration Alternative". ASTM Standardization News, September 1990, 10th March 2011.
[16]
The Basel Convention, 2011."On the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal". Basel Convention Bulletin.
[17]
GTZ - Deutsche GesellschaftfürTechnischeZusammenarbeit and Holcim Group Support Ltd, 2006.“Guidelines on co-processing Waste Materials in Cement Production”. Institute for Ecopreneurship (IEC) of the University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, 44 p.
[18]
Mukhtar, U. A., El-jummah, A. M., & Mohammad, M. D. (2017). NOx Emission in Iron and Steel Production: A Review of Control Measures for Safe and Eco-Friendly Environment. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment, 13 (6), 848.
[19]
Mwandigha, J. R. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY TO MANAGE COOLING TOWER FILLS WASTE IN KENGEN OLKARIA GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS.
[20]
Swart, D. (2007). The Utilization of Alternative Fuels in the Production of Portland Cement (Doctoral dissertation).
[21]
Stępień, P., & Białowiec, A. (2018). Kinetic parameters of torrefaction process of alternative fuel produced from municipal solid waste and characteristic of carbonized refuse derived fuel. Detritus, 3, 75-83.
[22]
Mokrzycki, E., & Uliasz-Bocheńczyk, A. (2003). Alternative fuels for the cement industry. Applied Energy, 74 (1-2), 95-100.
[23]
Rahman, A., Rasul, M. G., Khan, M. M. K., & Sharma, S. (2015). Recent development on the uses of alternative fuels in cement manufacturing process. Fuel, 145, 84-99.
[24]
Zieri, W., & Ismail, I. (2018). Alternative fuels from waste products in cement industry. Handbook of ecomaterials, 1-24.
[25]
Ariyaratne, H. W., Melaaen, M. C., & Tokheim, L. A. 2013. “The effect of alternative fuel combustion in the cement kiln main burner on production capacity and improvement with oxygen enrichment”. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology: An International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, (2013) 76, 557-563.
[26]
Adam Dellinger, 2013."Economic Feasibility and Environmental Analysis of a Municipal Food Waste Collection and Anaerobic Digestion Program Model". The University of Toledo December 2013.
[27]
GCC, 2019. “Annual Report 2019”. Green & Clean City Pvt. Ltd., Hetauda.
[28]
Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Projects, Economic appraisal tool for Cohesion Policy 2014-2020, Euraopean Commission, 2014.
Browse journals by subject