Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

Impact of Vibrations on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete: Case Study of Constructions in the City of Douala Cameroon

Received: Jan. 06, 2024    Accepted: Jan. 20, 2024    Published: Feb. 01, 2024
Views:       Downloads:

Share

Abstract

In the field of construction, concrete is the most consumed material. Despite the arrival on the market of fluid concretes such as self-compacting concretes, ordinary concretes still represent the most used on construction sites today. In order to finalize the filling of the formwork and achieve the expected performance, these concretes are vibrated occasionally using a vibrating needle. In this work, the impact of vibrations on the physical and mechanical properties of concrete in the city of Douala Cameroon is investigated, taking into account the recent progress in the field of use and improvement of concrete material. Firstly, the concrete material is analyzed by looking at its use, its formulations, its physical-mechanical characteristics and its behavior with regard to the environment. Then the mechanical characteristics representative of available vibration equipment is identified. Using the formulations obtained, the fluidity and consistency ranges over which vibration of the material is necessary is identified. A simple analytical model to predict the action diameter of the vibrator is then developed and compared to the experimental results found. Finally, a minimum vibration time value necessary for compaction of the material is quantified as well as a minimum vibration time value necessary for improving the physical and mechanical quality of the facing after vibration and setting of the concrete.

DOI 10.11648/jccee.20240901.12
Published in Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering ( Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2024 )
Page(s) 9-26
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Self Compacting Concrete, Threshold Fluid, Rheology, Vibration Time, Viscosity

References
[1] Francisco-José Rubio-Hernández, Rheological Behavior of Fresh Cement Pastes, Fluids 2018, 3, 106; doi: 10.3390/fluids3040106.
[2] Mette Bendixen, Lars L. Iversen, Jim Best, Daniel M. Franks, Christopher R. HackNey, Edgardo M. Latrubesse, and Lucy S. Tusting, Sand, gravel, and UN Sustainable Development Goals: Conflicts, synergies, and pathways forward, One Earth 4, August 20, 2021.
[3] Blaise Ngwem Bayiha, Benjamin Bahel, Fabien Kenmogne, Ulrich Nota Yemetio, Emmanuel Yamb, and Ndigui Billong, Comparative study of the effects of a natural pozzolan and an artificial pozzolan on the hydraulic properties of Portland cement mortar, Global Journal of Engineering and Technology Advances, 2023, 14(01), 107-119.
[4] Lionel Lemay, Colin Lobo and Karthik Obla, Sustainable Concrete: The Role of Performance-based Specifications, Conference: Structures Congress 2013, DOI: 10.1061/9780784412848.234.
[5] Fernando Menezes de Almeida Filho, Mounir K. El Debs and Ana Lúcia H. de Cresce El Debs, Bond-slip behavior of self-compacting concrete and vibrated concrete using pull-out and beam tests, July 2008 Materials and Structures 41(6): 1073-1089.
[6] CimBéton. (1998). La vibration des bétons, Collection Technique CimBéton ed. 1998. Concrete Research, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 283-294, 1996.
[7] Dupy, J. (1930)"Un excellent appareil vibrateur "La table vibrante"," Revue des matériaux de Construction et de travaux publics, pp. 458-459.
[8] Ho D. W. S, Sheinn A. M. M. and Tam C. T., “Rheological model for self-compacting concrete- paste rheology”, Proc. 27 th Conference on Our World in Concrete & Structures, 29-30 August 2002, Singapore, pp 517-523. (Awarded paper for Young Concrete Researcher Award, 2002).
[9] Martial Nde Ngnihamye, Fabien Kenmogne, André Abanda, Michel Mbessa, Jean-De-La-Croix Gnappoun, and Didier Fokwa, A Simple Benchmark to Evaluate the Influence Parameters of the Microstructure of the Masonry Wall on Capillary Water Migration Dynamic, Advances in Civil Engineering Volume 2022, Article ID 9292794, 12 pages. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/9292794
[10] B. A. Herki, Jamal M Khatib, Valorisation of waste expanded polystyrene in concrete using a novel recycling technique, European Journal of Environmental and Civil engineering, 21: 11, 1384-1402, (2017) DOI: 10.1080/19648189.2016.1170729.
[11] Shiping Wei, Zhenglong Jiang, Hao Liu, Dongsheng Zhou, and Mauricio Sanchez-Silva, Microbiologically induced deterioration of concrete - A Review, Braz J Microbiol. 2013 Dec; 44(4): 1001-1007.
[12] Willy Arnold Donda Fonchou, André Abanda, Fabien Kenmogne, Moussa Sali, Jérémie Madja Doumbaye, Partial Replacement of Cement with Waste Glass Powder in Concrete for Sustainable Waste Management: A Case Study of Concrete Incorporating Sand and Waste Glass from the Douala City of Cameroon, American Journal of Materials Science 2023, 13(1): 7-21.
[13] Nicolas, R. (2004). "Analyse des impacts environnementaux des constructions en béton," in Plaçant - Essai d'étalement au cône d'Abrams., (2010). Structures, vol. 41, pp. 1073-1089.
[14] J. Spangenberg, N. Roussel, J. H. Hattel, H. Stang, J. Skocek and M. R. Geiker, Flow induced particle migration in fresh concrete: Theoretical frame, numerical simulations and experimental results on model fluids, Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 42, Issue 4, April 2012, Pages 633-641.
[15] Guillaume Grampeix, Effect of internal vibration and concrete rheology on properties of reinforced concrete, Proceedings of the 9th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 22-25 July 2012, Karlsruhe, Germany.
[16] Mary, M. (1936). Etude de la vibration du béton, Annales des Ponts et Chaussées ed., 1936, vol. 1-4.
[17] Nicolas, J. (mai 2009). "Bétons Extrêmes," Les Cahiers Techniques du Bâtiment, no. 288, pp. 32-49.
[18] André Abanda, Fabien Kenmogne, Ahoudou Ngamie Ndoukouo, Timothé Thierry Odi Enyegue, Martial N. Nde, and Kevin G. Ngana, Evaluating the influence of selected concrete admixtures on the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of paste and mortar samples cured under cameroonian climate conditions, American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied Sciences. ISSN 2429-5396 (2024).
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Abanda, A., Kenmogne, F., Ngnihamye, M. N., Bayiha, B. N., Nkoue, E. E., et al. (2024). Impact of Vibrations on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete: Case Study of Constructions in the City of Douala Cameroon. Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, 9(1), 9-26. https://doi.org/10.11648/jccee.20240901.12

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Abanda, A.; Kenmogne, F.; Ngnihamye, M. N.; Bayiha, B. N.; Nkoue, E. E., et al. Impact of Vibrations on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete: Case Study of Constructions in the City of Douala Cameroon. J. Civ. Constr. Environ. Eng. 2024, 9(1), 9-26. doi: 10.11648/jccee.20240901.12

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Abanda A, Kenmogne F, Ngnihamye MN, Bayiha BN, Nkoue EE, et al. Impact of Vibrations on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete: Case Study of Constructions in the City of Douala Cameroon. J Civ Constr Environ Eng. 2024;9(1):9-26. doi: 10.11648/jccee.20240901.12

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/jccee.20240901.12,
      author = {Andre Abanda and Fabien Kenmogne and Martial Nde Ngnihamye and Blaise Ngwem Bayiha and Ekoum Ewandjo Nkoue and Roger Eno and Etienne Marc Ndtoungou and Willy Arnold Donda Fonchou and Emmanuel Yamb Bell},
      title = {Impact of Vibrations on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete: Case Study of Constructions in the City of Douala Cameroon},
      journal = {Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering},
      volume = {9},
      number = {1},
      pages = {9-26},
      doi = {10.11648/jccee.20240901.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/jccee.20240901.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.jccee.20240901.12},
      abstract = {In the field of construction, concrete is the most consumed material. Despite the arrival on the market of fluid concretes such as self-compacting concretes, ordinary concretes still represent the most used on construction sites today. In order to finalize the filling of the formwork and achieve the expected performance, these concretes are vibrated occasionally using a vibrating needle. In this work, the impact of vibrations on the physical and mechanical properties of concrete in the city of Douala Cameroon is investigated, taking into account the recent progress in the field of use and improvement of concrete material. Firstly, the concrete material is analyzed by looking at its use, its formulations, its physical-mechanical characteristics and its behavior with regard to the environment. Then the mechanical characteristics representative of available vibration equipment is identified. Using the formulations obtained, the fluidity and consistency ranges over which vibration of the material is necessary is identified. A simple analytical model to predict the action diameter of the vibrator is then developed and compared to the experimental results found. Finally, a minimum vibration time value necessary for compaction of the material is quantified as well as a minimum vibration time value necessary for improving the physical and mechanical quality of the facing after vibration and setting of the concrete.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Impact of Vibrations on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete: Case Study of Constructions in the City of Douala Cameroon
    AU  - Andre Abanda
    AU  - Fabien Kenmogne
    AU  - Martial Nde Ngnihamye
    AU  - Blaise Ngwem Bayiha
    AU  - Ekoum Ewandjo Nkoue
    AU  - Roger Eno
    AU  - Etienne Marc Ndtoungou
    AU  - Willy Arnold Donda Fonchou
    AU  - Emmanuel Yamb Bell
    Y1  - 2024/02/01
    PY  - 2024
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/jccee.20240901.12
    DO  - 10.11648/jccee.20240901.12
    T2  - Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
    JF  - Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
    JO  - Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
    SP  - 9
    EP  - 26
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2637-3890
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/jccee.20240901.12
    AB  - In the field of construction, concrete is the most consumed material. Despite the arrival on the market of fluid concretes such as self-compacting concretes, ordinary concretes still represent the most used on construction sites today. In order to finalize the filling of the formwork and achieve the expected performance, these concretes are vibrated occasionally using a vibrating needle. In this work, the impact of vibrations on the physical and mechanical properties of concrete in the city of Douala Cameroon is investigated, taking into account the recent progress in the field of use and improvement of concrete material. Firstly, the concrete material is analyzed by looking at its use, its formulations, its physical-mechanical characteristics and its behavior with regard to the environment. Then the mechanical characteristics representative of available vibration equipment is identified. Using the formulations obtained, the fluidity and consistency ranges over which vibration of the material is necessary is identified. A simple analytical model to predict the action diameter of the vibrator is then developed and compared to the experimental results found. Finally, a minimum vibration time value necessary for compaction of the material is quantified as well as a minimum vibration time value necessary for improving the physical and mechanical quality of the facing after vibration and setting of the concrete.
    
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Department of Civil Engineering, National Advanced Polytechnical School, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Teachers Training College of the Technical Education, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, National Advanced School of Public Works, Yaoundé, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Teachers Training College of the Technical Education, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, National Advanced Polytechnical School, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, National Advanced Polytechnical School, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Teachers Training College of the Technical Education, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Teachers Training College of the Technical Education, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Teachers Training College of the Technical Education, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Section